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Tiếng Anh Giao tiếp 6: Sức khỏe

Part 6: Health

be on diet

Part 1: Diet/ Ăn kiêng

Tình huống 1: I’m on a diet to loose weight/ Mình đang ăn kiêng để giảm cân

Martha is on a diet (đang ăn kiêng) to lose weight (giảm cân), but her friend is trying to coax (dỗ ngọt) her into eating a bowl of ice-cream.  Can Martha stand the temptation (chống lại sự cảm dỗ)?

Sydney: Would you like to have some ice-cream?  I’ve got a variety of flavors (nhiều mùi vị) for you to choose from.  I’ve got strawberry, peach, chocolate, chocolate chip, chocolate brownie, coffee, vanilla, rocky road, butter pecan (hồ đào bơ), and praline (kẹo hạt dẻ).
Martha: Wow!  What choices you have!  I wish I could, but I just can’t.  I’m on a diet to lose weight.
Sydney: Come on, it’s just a bite (chỉ một miếng thôi mà)It doesn’t really hurt to have just a bite (một miếng ăn thua gì).
Martha: I’d better not.  Please don’t tempt me.  Please!
Sydney: Gee!  You are really strong-willed (cứng rắn).
Martha: You’re darn right.  I’m not so easily coaxed into doing something that I think is wrong.
Sydney: Well, I’d better not tempt you.  Otherwise, if I give you a piece of cake, you might ask for a glass of milk.

 Part 2: Insomnia/ Chứng mất ngủ

insomnia 2

Tình huống  1: I didn’t sleep a wink (chợp mắt) last night

Steve doesn’t seem to have enough sleep.  He’s been under great pleasure recently

Sydney: Steve, you look pale (xanh xao).  What happened?
Steve: I didn’t sleep a wink last night.
Sydney: Did you have something on your mind (lo nghĩ/ bận tâm)?  You look so concerned (lo lắng)!  May be I can help you.
Steve: Well, I’m under a lot of pressure (bị áp lực.  My boss is very pushy (đùn công việc).  He assigned (giao) me three projects.  Now the deadlines are near and I still haven’t finished all of my projects.
Sydney: Is there anything I can do to help you?
Steve: Well, I guess no one can help me but myself (không ai giúp được tôi trừ bản thân).  For the moment, I just need someone to talk to so that I can relieve my stress (giảm stress).

Tình huống  2: I was all over the bed (cứ trằn trọc trên giường)

Sylvia broke up with Paul and she couldn’t sleep that night….


Janette: Sylvia, your eyes look swollen (sưng húp).  What happened?
Sylvia: I broke up with (chia tay với) Paul last night and I was all over the bed the whole night.
Janette: Well, it’s understandable (cũng dễ hiểu thôi), but Paul isn’t the kind of guy that deserves your heartache (xứng đáng cho bạn đau lòng).  Come on.  You’ll find a nicer guy soon.
Sylvia: Well, I was restless because I was thinking how I was so stupid that I almost trusted the rest of my life to him….
Janette: Oh, Sylvia….

Part 3: Cold/ Cảm lạnh

Tình huống  1: I feel like a new person/ Tớ cảm thấy mình như một người mới

Storyline: Alice is surprised to find that all of sudden Bruce is fit.  He has lost some weight and his beer belly (bụng bia) is gone….


Alice: Have you been working out (tập thể dục)?
Bruce: Yeah, as a matter of fact (thật ra thì), I’ve been going to the gym for half a year now.
Alice: I can tell.  You look really buff (săn chắc).  And no more beer belly.  Have you been lifting weights (cử tạ)?
Bruce: That and I do an hour of aerobics every other day.  I tell you, it’s addicting (gây nghiện/làm ai đó thích)!  I feel like a new man!
Alice: Well, you look like a million bucks (cực kỳ quyến rũ)!
Bruce: Thanks!

Tình huống  2: You look run down (mệt mỏi vì bệnh)

Storyline: Alicia is concerned that her colleague Brian is still very sick.  So she suggests he should go home and take a rest (nghỉ ngơi).

Alicia: You look run down, Brian.
Brian: Yeah.  I’ve been feeling under the weather( cảm thấy không khỏe) recently.   I caught a bad cold (bị cảm nặng) last week, and I still haven’t gotten over (chưa khỏe) it.
Alicia: Well, you wanna take sick leave (nghỉ phép bệnh)?  All you need now is a good, long rest.
Brian: I guess so.  Even though I seem to be over the worst of it, I don’t want to give the bug to anyone (lây cho ai) in the office.
Alicia: Yup.  Better not.

Situation 3: I think I am running a temperature/ Anh nghĩ anh đang bị sốt

Storyline: Julie suggests to her husband, Davis, that he should not go to work because he isn’t feeling well. 

Davis: I think I’m running a temperature.  My head is spinning (anh bị chóng mặt), my mouth feels like cotton (miệng bị khô), and I have a scratchy throat (ngứa cổ họng).
Julie: Let me see.  Hmm, you’d better stay at home today.   And don’t work on the computer!  Staying up late with that thing has obviously played havoc with (làm hại) your health.
Davis: I can’t help (không thể không) it.  I guess I‘m addicted to (bị nghiện) the Internet.
Julie: If you want to keep yourself in good shape (giữ gìn cơ thể), you’d better quit (từ bỏ) surfing the Net deep into the night.  I don’t want you kicking the bucket (chết/ ngoẻo)! 

Part 4: Other

Situation 1: The cavity (sâu răng) is killing me

Storyline: Robert had a cavity filled (trám răng) today.  While he felt a little better today, the cavity really gave him a headache


Cindy: Hi, Robert, what happened to your face?  It looks swollen.
Robert: I had to go get a cavity filled today.
Cindy: Did it hurt?
Robert: I don’t even wanna talk about it.  It killed me!
Cindy: How long were you in the chair?
Robert: It took quite a while.  But the worst part was getting numbed.  They had to give me 3 shots!
Cindy: Well, I guess you’ve learned a good lesson, huh!  You have to take good care of your teeth.

Situation 2: She poke me in the eye/ Con bé quơ trúng mắt tôi

Storyline: The other day when Sydney played with her daughter, her daughter accidently poked her in the eye…

Jon: What happened to your eye?
Sydney: Nothing really.  I went to kiss my daughter on her tummy last night and she reached up to stop (giơ tay lên ngăn lại) me.  When she did that, her fingernails scrapped (cào/ xước trúng) my eye.
Jon: That sounds painful/ Nghe có vẻ đau lắm đây.
Sydney: It wasn’t too bad at first, but the next morning it really hurt.
Jon: What did the doctor say?
Sydney: He said that it should be OK, but there might be a little scarring over my field of vision, so my eyes may be blurry (bị mờ).
Jon: I’m sorry to hear that.
Sydney: Thanks.  Who knew that a poke in the eye would cause so much damage?

Situation 3: My head is spinning/ Đầu tôi quay mòng mòng

Storyline: John doesn’t feel well because he is fairly  tired from a party he had late into the midnight.  Mary suggests that John should go home and take a rest

Mary: You look tired. Didn’t you get enough sleep last night?
John: No. I had a bunch of my friends over (có bạn đến chơi) and we partied until the wee hours (rạng sáng).
Mary: No wonder you look so bad!
John: I guess I just can’t take late nights like I used to. My head is spinning and I have a migraine (bị đau nửa đầu).
Mary: I think you need to go home and take a rest.
John: I wish I could. But I don’t think I can keep my eyes open (mở nổi mắt) long enough to drive home.
Mary: Don’t worry. I’ll give you a ride home (đưa ai về). But next time, watch the partying, OK?

Situation 4: You have an iron stomach/ Bạn có bao tử tốt/ ăn được các loại thức ăn

Storyline: Mike doesn’t feel well after eating lunch in a restaurant.  He is suspicious (nghi ngờ) that the food he ate at lunch might have made him sick.

Jenny: What’s going on?  You don’t look so hot!
Mike: I have a stomachache. I think I got some bad food at lunch today.
Jenny: Really? But we ate at the same place. How come my stomach is fine?
Mike: You have an iron stomach! My stomach, on the other hand, isn’t as strong.
Jenny: So what should we do now?
Mike: I’ve got to find a restroom – and quick! I think I’ve got the royal runs (bị tiêu chảy).

Situation 5: It wasn’t just any snore (tiếng ngáy)


Storyline: Jane didn’t get a good night’s sleep because she was kept awake by John’s snoring.  As a result, she looks fairly tired.  Mary suggests that Jane buy earplugs (nút bịt lỗ tai) so that she can sleep better

Mary: Jane you look bushed (mệt đuối). Didn’t you get a good night’s sleep?
Jane: Nope. John kept me awake all last night.
Mary: Oh!?
Jane: I don’t know why. John rarely snores, but last night he really started sawing some logs (ngáy)! And it wasn’t just any snore. It was more like a herd of elephants running through the room!
Mary: My grandpa used to do the same thing. Sometimes he would even wake himself up. He snored so loud! I always thought it was funny.
Jane: Well, I’m certainly not laughing about John. I don’t think I can take another night like that again.
Mary: Have you considered buying some earplugs?
Jane: You bet! In fact, I’m going to buy some at lunch!

Situation 6: His snoring is getting worse and worse

Storyline: Jane is worried about her husband’s health because his snoring is getting worse and worse

Jane: I’m really concerned about ( lo lắng cho) Jason. His snoring is getting worse and worse.
Mary: Maybe he needs to go see a doctor. I heard that sometimes a bad snore can cause heart failure (chứng suy tim)  because not enough oxygen gets to the brain.
Jane: That’s what I’m worried about. Sometimes it even seems like he stops breathing and I have to give him a push (đụng vào) to make him start again.
Mary: I remember one of my friends’ father had the same problem. The doctor said it was sleep apnea (sự ngừng thở tạm thời khi ngủ). Her dad had to get a pacemaker put in (đặt thiết bị điều hòa nhịp tim) so that his heart wouldn’t stop in the middle of the night (giữa đêm).
Jane: You’re kidding me! That serious?
Mary: Yes, that serious.
Jane: That’s it! I’m making an appointment for Jason to see the doctor this afternoon. We can’t let this go any longer (không thể để vậy).

Situation 7: I was burnt to a crisp/ Tôi bị cháy nắng đen thui


Storyline: Sydney went swimming the other day. Because she didn’t put on the sunscreen (thoa kem chống nắng, she was burnt to a crisp.

Henk: Why are you wearing your bathing suit around the house?
Sydney: Yesterday I went swimming at my friend’s house and I forgot to put my sunscreen on.
Henk: That wasn’t very brilliant./ Chuyện này không khôn chút nào
Sydney: Well, the sun didn’t feel hot when I got in, but I guess I was wrong.  I got burnt to a crisp!
Henk: So why the suit?
Sydney: I can’t stand (không chịu được) to wear anything else.

Situation 8: I think school is giving me hives

Storyline: Judy is so stressed out that she has hives all over.

Diane: Hey, Judy.  How’s it going?
Terri: Not too great.  I’m really stressed out (căng thẳng)
Diane: Oh?
Terri: Yeah, I think school is giving me hives (làm tôi nổi mày đay).  See?
Diane: Oh, my gosh!  Your arm is full of bumps!
Terri: And that’s not the worst of it (chưa đâu).  You should see the bumps on my legs.
Diane: What did the doctor say?
Terri: He said to relax and take a break (tạm nghỉ), but we both know I don’t have any time for relaxing.
Diane: Yeah, but if you don’t, it’s only going to get worse (nó chỉ có nước tệ hơn thôi).
Terri: I know, I know…. Maybe I can relax after this paper.
Diane: I sure hope so.

Situation 9: I feel like I have been run over by the freight train (tàu lửa chở hàng)

Storyline: Sam feels that his cold is getting worse and the cough has gotten deeper.  So he goes to see a doctor.  The doctor prescribes some medicine (kê toa thuốc) to loosen up his chest and calm his cough.

Doctor: Hi, how are you feeling?
Sam: Horrible.  I got a cold five days ago, and now it seems it’s getting worse.  The cough has gotten deeper (ho nặng hơn), and I feel like I’ve been run over by a freight train!
Doctor: Well, let me take a listen to your chest (khám lồng ngực)Deep breath in (hít sâu vào)…and
exhale (thở ra).  Inhale…exhale.
Sam: Hear anything interesting down there?
Doctor: It sounds like you have some congestion (bị tắc) in your lungs.   Have you been coughing stuff up (anh có bị khạc đàm)?
Sam: A little, but not too much!
Doctor: Well, we need to get that junk loosened up.  Here is a prescription.
Sam: What’s it for?
Doctor: It’ll help loosen your chest up and calm your cough.  I want you to take it every 4 hours for a week, OK?
Sam: Fine.
Doctor: And don’t forget to drink lots of fluids (nhiều chất lỏng/nước).
Sam: You got it.  Thank you.
Doctor: You’re welcome.  Take care.

Situation 10: My head is stuffed up (bị căng)

headache 1

Storyline: Sam catches a cold.  He asks Alice if she has any cold medicine he can take….

Sam: I feel awful!
Alice: You don’t look so good, either.  What’s wrong?
Sam: My head’s stuffed up.  I’ve got a runny nose (sổ mũi), and I’m aching all over (đau ê ẩm cả người).
Alice: Poor guy!  What are you taking?
Sam: Nothing so far.  Do you have anything I can take/ Có gì cho tôi uống không?
Alice: Let me go look.  In the meantime/ Trong khi chờ đợi, drink lots of orange juice….
Sam: (Moan.)  OK, but hurry back!
Doctor: (Later)
Alice: I’m back, Sam.  How are you doing?
Sam: I still feel like death warmed over (gần sắp chết).
Alice: Well, I brought you a few things.
Sam: Great!  Bring them on.
Alice: Here’s some cough syrup (si-rô) and I brought some cold and flu medicine.  It’ll help you sleep.
Sam: Thanks.  I really appreciate (biết ơn) it.

Situation 11: She slathered her in sunscreen

Storyline: Paula had a great time at the beach, but she was burnt to a crisp (cháy nắng đen thui) because she forgot to put sunscreen on.

Martha: How did Anneke like her first time at the beach?
Paula: She had a great time.  She really enjoyed making sand castles (xây lâu đài cát).
Martha: When did you come home?
Paula: I guess we got home about 3:00.  We spent a good 6 hours there.
Martha: That’s a long time!  Did Anneke get burned (bị cháy)?
Paula: No, unlike myself, I slathered her in sunscreen.  She didn’t even turn brown.
Martha: But you look like you got burnt to a crisp.
Paula: You got that right!  Next time, I guess I ought to remember to put sunscreen on, too!

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