Sau đây là toàn bộ mẫu câu giao tiếp tiếng Anh cơ bản thông dụng bạn cần biết khi trò chuyện với người nước ngoài!!!
|GREETING/ CHÀO HỎI
2. Good morning.
3. How are you?
How are you doing?
How ya doing? (Informal/Thân mật)
4. Fine. How about you?
5. Okay. Thanks.
|INTRODUCE YOURSELF/ GIỚI THIỆU BẢN THÂN
1. I’m John.
(Use first name in informal situations)
2. I’m John Kennedy.
I’m Jackie O’Neill.
(Use full name in business and formal situations)
(It’s) nice meeting you.
(It’s) good to meet you.
|IDENTIFYING PEOPLE AND THINGS/ XÁC ĐỊNH NGƯỜI & VẬT
1. This is Minnie Rivers.
That is Mr. Lewis.
2. Minnie is a writer.
Mr. Lewis is a barber.
Gail is an artist.
He is a photographer.
She is a secretary.
He’s a dentist.
She’s a doctor.
3. I am a computer programmer.
I’m a businessman.
I’m a businesswoman.
I’m not a mechanic.
4. We are writers.
They are engineers.
You are a student.
You are students.
5. This is an apple.
This is a banana.
That is an orange.
That is not a tomato.
It is a telephone.
It’s a horse.
It’s not an airplane.
|ASKING FOR INFORMATION/ HỎI THÔNG TIN
|GIVING INFORMATION/ ĐƯA THÔNG TIN
|SIMPLE SENTENCES/ NHỮNG CÂU CƠ BẢN
|EXPRESSING LIKE AND DISLIKE/ DIỄN TẢ THÍCH VÀ KHÔNG THÍCH
|CONTRACTIONS/ DẠNG RÚT GỌN
|GIVING DIRECTION/ CHỈ ĐƯỜNG
|GIVING INFORMATION/ CUNG CẤP THÔNG TIN
Asking for Instructions/ Hỏi hướng dẫn
How do you (do this)?
How do I . . . ?
What is the best way to . . . ?
How do I go about it?
What do you suggest?
How do you suggest I proceed?
What is the first step?
Giving Instructions/ Hướng dẫn
Sequencing/ Trình tự
First, (you) . . .
Then, (you) . . .
Next, (you) . . .
Lastly, (you) . . .
Starting out/ Bắt đầu
Before you begin, (you should . . .)
The first thing you do is . . . .
I would start by . . .
The best place to begin is . . .
To begin with,
Continuing/ Tiếp theo
The next step is to . . .
The next thing you do is . . .
Once you’ve done that, then . . .
When you finish that, then . . .
Finishing/ Cuối cùng
The last step is . . .
The last thing you do is . . .
In the end,
When you’ve finished,
When you’ve completed all the steps,
|SEQUENCING/ TRÌNH TỰ
|SIMPLE QUESTIONS/ CÂU HỎI ĐƠN GIẢN
|SHORT QUESTIONS/ CÂU HỎI NGẮN
|ASKING FOR A FAVOR/ XIN LÀM ƠN
|ASKING FOR REPETITION/ YÊU CẦU NHẮC LẠI
|ASKING FOR DETAILS/ HỎI THÔNG TIN CHI TIẾT
Wh- Questions can be used to ask for more information:
What did you do over the weekend?
Where did you go for Spring Break?
How was your trip?
When did you get back?
What kind of things did you see?
Who did you go with?
How many people were there?
Whose car did you drive?
When asking for details about a particular item you are considering buying, you can say
Could you give me some information about this computer?
Can you give me more details about that CD player?
Could you tell me about this bookcase?
What can you tell me about these blenders?
|NUMBER AND COUNTING/ ĐẾM VÀ TÍNH TOÁN
|Introducing your family/ Giới thiệu về gia đình
This is my mother/mom.
This is my father/dad.
(These are my parents)
This is my wife.
This is my husband.
There are five people in my family.
I have two brothers.
I have one sister.
I’m number three.
Asking about family/ Hỏi về gia đình
How many brothers and sisters do you have?
What number are you?
He’s the oldest (of five children).
She’s the youngest.
Cindy doesn’t have any brothers or sisters.
Jared is an only child.
How many children do you have?
We have two. One son and one daughter.
Do you have any kids?
No, I’m not married.
|TALKING ABOUT YOUR FAVORITE THINGS/ NÓI VỀ ĐỒ VẬT THÍCH NHẤT
|TALKING ABOUT HERE AND NOW/ NÓI CHUYỆN ĐÓ ĐÂY
|TALKING ABOUT FEELINGS/ HEALTH ISSUE/ NÓI VỀ CẢM GIÁC/ VẤN ĐỀ SỨC KHỎE
|ASKING ABOUT PAST ACTIONS/ HỎI VẾ HÀNH ĐỘNG QUÁ KHỨ
|TALKING ABOUT FUTURE/ NÓI VỀ TƯƠNG LAI
Note: Another way of talking about the future is with the phrase “be going to” + verb.
I am going to eat out tonight.
What are you going to do tomorrow?
How are you going to get there?
|ASKING ABOUT LIFE EVENTS/ NÓI VỀ SỰ KIỆN TRONG CUỘC SỐNG
|ASKING ABOUT OCCUPATIONS/ HỎI VỀ NGHỀ NGHIỆP
A: What do you do for a living?
B: I’m a____(mechanic)___________.
A: A____(mechanic)_____________? That must be a lot of work.
B: It is. Every day I ___(fix)_____ ___(cars)______.
A: How interesting. How many___(cars)_____ do you __(fix)____?
B: I ___(fix)_____ about __(8)____ __(cars)____ every day.
Match the occupation with the daily activity.
|TALKING ABOUT ABILITY/ NÓI VỀ KHẢ NĂNG
|TALKING ABOUT LOCATION/ NÓI VỀ KHU VỰC
|DESCRIBING PEOPLE/ MÔ TẢ NGƯỜI
|AT A STORE/ TẠI CỬA HÀNG
When you enter the store/start a conversation with the clerk:
What a customer might respond:
Yes. I’m looking for ________________.
Do you have any ___________ (s)?
Can you tell me where the ___________is/are?
When you check out/leave the store:
Did you find everything you needed?
Did you find what you were looking for?
Did you find everything okay?
Will that be all (for today)?
Is that everything?
(Will there be) anything else?
That’s all for today.
That’s it. Thanks.
|SIMPLE SHOPPING/ SHOPPING ĐƠN GIẢN
|BUYING AND SELLING/ MUA BÁN
|QUESTION AND EPRESSING WITH TIME/ HỎI VÀ DIỄN ĐẠT THỜI GIAN
|CLOSING A CONVERSATION/ KẾT THÚC CUỘC TRÒ CHUYỆN
It’s been nice talking to you.
(I’m sorry, but) I have to go now.
See you later.
See ya (informal)
Catch you later (informal)