Tiếng Anh Giao tiếp cơ bản thông dụng hằng ngày

SPEAK ENGLISH

Sau đây là toàn bộ mẫu câu giao tiếp tiếng Anh cơ bản thông dụng bạn cần biết khi trò chuyện với người nước ngoài!!!

GREETING/ CHÀO HỎI

1.Hi.
Hello.

2. Good morning.

Good afternoon.

Good evening.

3. How are you?

How are you doing?

How ya doing? (Informal/Thân mật)

4. Fine. How about you?

5. Okay. Thanks.

INTRODUCE YOURSELF/ GIỚI THIỆU BẢN THÂN

1. I’m John.

I’m Jackie.

(Use first name in informal situations)

2. I’m John Kennedy.

I’m Jackie O’Neill.

(Use full name in business and formal situations)
3. (It’s) nice to meet you.

(It’s) nice meeting you.

(It’s) good to meet you.
4. Nice to meet you too.

IDENTIFYING PEOPLE AND THINGS/ XÁC ĐỊNH NGƯỜI & VẬT

1. This is Minnie Rivers.

That is Mr. Lewis.

2. Minnie is a writer.

Mr. Lewis is a barber.

Gail is an artist.

He is a photographer.

She is a secretary.

He’s a dentist.

She’s a doctor.

3. I am a computer programmer.

I’m a businessman.

I’m a businesswoman.

I’m not a mechanic.

4. We are writers.

They are engineers.

You are a student.

You are students.

5. This is an apple.

This is a banana.

That is an orange.

That is not a tomato.

It is a telephone.

It’s a horse.

It’s not an airplane.

ASKING FOR INFORMATION/ HỎI THÔNG TIN

1. What is this?

2. What is that?

3. What’s this?

4. What’s that?

5. What are these?

6. What are those?

7. Where is Mr. King?

8. Where is Ms. Knight?

9. Where’s Johnny?

10. When’s the movie?

11. When’s lunch?

12. How is the food?

This is a table.

That is a chair.

It’s a pen.

It’s an apple.

These are pencils.

Those are books.

He is over there.

She’s (right) here.

He’s in the house.

It’s at 9:00.

Lunch is at noon.

It’s delicious.

GIVING INFORMATION/ ĐƯA THÔNG TIN

1. Jeremy is from Ohio.

2. Kelly is a saleswoman.

3. He’s a university student.

4. Ronda lives in Texas.

5. I work at a restaurant.

6. I live in Florida.

8. Where are you from?

9. What is your occupation?

Oh really? What part of Ohio?

Is that right? What company?

Oh. What university?

Really? What city (in Texas)?

Oh really? Which restaurant?

Oh yeah? Where in Florida?

I’m from Delaware.

I’m a police officer.

Columbus.

Microsoft.

Harvard.

Dallas.

Angelo Meroni’s

Orlando

SIMPLE SENTENCES/ NHỮNG CÂU CƠ BẢN

 

1. I work in a post office.

2. Greg works in a bank.

3. They live in    Washington.

4. I eat breakfast at 8:00    a.m.

5. She goes to work at    9:00 a.m.

6. Eddy plays basketball    every Friday.

7. Penny starts class at    10:00.

8. I don’t drink beer.

Are you a letter carrier?

Is he a teller?

Are they senators?

What do you eat?

Where does she work?

Where does he play?

When does she finish?

Why (not)?

No, I’m a postal clerk.

Yes, he is.

No, they aren’t.

(I eat) eggs, bacon, and toast.

In the cafeteria.

At the gym.

At 11:00.

I don’t like it.

EXPRESSING LIKE AND DISLIKE/ DIỄN TẢ THÍCH VÀ KHÔNG THÍCH

 

1. I like fruit.

2. Helen likes sports.

3. Ms. Cramer doesn’t like    coffee.

4. Tony does not like action    movies.

5. Does Terry like swimming?

6. Does Phil like soft drinks?

7. Does Sheila like salad?

8. Do you like Chinese food?

What kind?

What kind of sports?

Really? Does she like tea?

Oh. What kind does he like?

Yes, he does.

No, he doesn’t.

No, she does not.

Yes, I do.

No, I don’t.

A little.

Oranges and bananas.

Football and tennis.

Yes, she does.

(He likes) drama

CONTRACTIONS/ DẠNG RÚT GỌN

 

Regular

I am British.
He is Chinese.
They are Italians.

There is a man at the door.
Where is the butter?
What is he doing?
Who is that?

She is going to the beach.
We are going to eat now.
They are not ready yet.

I will be back in a minute.
There will be lots of food.

I have seen that movie already.
She has finished her homework.

I had played that game before.
We would be glad to help.
They would like to go now.

Contracted

I’m British.
He’s Chinese.
They’re Italians.

There’s a man at the door.
Where’s the butter?
What’s he doing?
Who’s that?

She’s going to the beach.
We’re going to eat now.
They’re not ready yet.

I’ll be back in a minute.
There’ll be lots of food.

I’ve seen that movie already.
She’s finished her homework.

I’d played that game before.
We’d be glad to help.
They’d like to go now.

GIVING DIRECTION/ CHỈ ĐƯỜNG

1. Excuse me. Is there a grocery store around here?

2. Can you tell me how to get to Phoenix?

3. Where’s Tanner’s Leather Shop?

4. How do you get to the bank?

Yeah. There’s one right across the street.

Sorry. I don’t live around here.


It’s on the corner of Holly and Vine. Next to the library.

Go straight down this street for two blocks. Turn left when you get to Maple Street. Stay on Maple for half a block. It’s on the left hand side.

GIVING INFORMATION/ CUNG CẤP THÔNG TIN

Asking for Instructions/ Hỏi hướng dẫn

How do you (do this)?

How do I . . . ?

What is the best way to . . . ?

How do I go about it?

What do you suggest?

How do you suggest I proceed?

What is the first step?

Giving Instructions/ Hướng dẫn

Sequencing/ Trình tự

First, (you) . . .

Then, (you) . . .

Next, (you) . . .

Lastly, (you) . . .

Starting out/ Bắt đầu

Before you begin, (you should . . .)

The first thing you do is . . . .

I would start by . . .

The best place to begin is . . .

To begin with,

Continuing/ Tiếp theo

After that,

The next step is to . . .

The next thing you do is . . .

Once you’ve done that, then . . .

When you finish that, then . . .

Finishing/ Cuối cùng

The last step is . . .

The last thing you do is . . .

In the end,

When you’ve finished,

When you’ve completed all the steps,

 

SEQUENCING/ TRÌNH TỰ

First,

Second,

Third,

Last,

First of all,

Then,

Next,

Finally,

To begin with,

Then,

Later,

In the end,

SIMPLE QUESTIONS/ CÂU HỎI ĐƠN GIẢN

Very Simple – Yes/No Questions

Are you from Canada?

Is he a doctor?

Is this free?

Do you like apples?

Does she live in New Orleans?

More examples of – Yes/No Questions

Is she going to the dance?

Are they flying home?

Are you coming to the party?

Examples of simple – Wh- questions

What do you do (as an occupation)?

What do you do on the weekends?

Where are you from?

Where do you live?

How do you say that in English?

How do you spell your name?

How do you know Mr. Amos?

 

Yes, I am.

No, he isn’t.

Yes, it is.

Yes, I do.

No, she doesn’t

Yes, she is.

No, they’re taking the bus.

No, I have other plans.

I’m a computer programmer.

I usually stay home and watch television.

I’m from Ontario, California.

I live in Arizona.

I live at the Chateau Apartments.

I don’t know. S-I-M-O-N.

He’s my teacher.

SHORT QUESTIONS/ CÂU HỎI NGẮN

 

Are you a doctor? Yes, I am.
No, I’m a nurse.
Is he from Colombia? Yes, he is
No, he isn’t.
No, he’s from Venezuela.
Is it time to go? Yes, it is.
No, it isn’t.
Not yet.
Is she married? Yes, she is.
No, she isn’t.
I don’t know.
Are they here yet? Yes, they are.
No, they aren’t.
Do you live in Oklahoma? Yes, I do.
No, I don’t.
No, I live in Texas.
Does she drink coffee? Yes, she does.
No, she doesn’t.
No, she drinks tea.
Does it fly? Yes, it does.
No, I don’t think so.
Do you need some help? Yes, I do.
No, I’m fine.
Can I have this? Yes, you can.
No, you can’t.
Should we go? Yeah.
Okay.
No, not yet.
Could you help me? Sure.
No, sorry
ASKING FOR A FAVOR/ XIN LÀM ƠN

1. Can you help me with my math?

2. Could you bring me some coffee?
3. Would you open the car door for me?
4. Could I ask you a favor?

Sure. What’s the problem?

I’d be glad to. How do you like it?

No problem. It looks like your hands are full.

It depends. What is it?

ASKING FOR REPETITION/ YÊU CẦU NHẮC LẠI

What did you say your name was?

Did you say Andersen or Henderson?

Is “Cathy” spelled with a C or a K?

And what was your address again?

Sorry, I didn’t catch the last part.

I can’t hear you very well.

It’s Cathy Henderson.

Henderson, with an H.

It’s C as in Cadillac.

72 West Sunshine Blvd., Suite 501.

Do you want me to repeat it?

Maybe you should turn down the radio.

ASKING FOR DETAILS/ HỎI THÔNG TIN CHI TIẾT

Wh- Questions can be used to ask for more information:

What did you do over the weekend?

Where did you go for Spring Break?

How was your trip?

When did you get back?

What kind of things did you see?

Who did you go with?

How many people were there?

Whose car did you drive?

When asking for details about a particular item you are considering buying, you can say

Could you give me some information about this computer?

Can you give me more details about that CD player?

Could you tell me about this bookcase?

What can you tell me about these blenders?

NUMBER AND COUNTING/ ĐẾM VÀ TÍNH TOÁN

1. How many fingers do you have?

2. You have eight fingers?

3. How many brothers does Ryan have?

4. How many students in your class?

5. How old is your sister?

6. How many hours do you work every day?

7. How many people are in the group?

8. How many cookies are left?

9. How many toothpicks are in the box?

I have eight fingers.

Eight fingers and two thumbs.

He has four (brothers).

Thirty-five, including me.

She is seventeen.

From nine to five. Eight hours.

About seventy.

Five or six.

More than a hundred.

 

Introducing your family/ Giới thiệu về gia đình

This is my mother/mom.

This is my father/dad.

(These are my parents)

This is my wife.

This is my husband.

There are five people in my family.
(My mother, my father, my older brother, my older sister, me, my younger brother.)

I have two brothers.
One is older.
One brother is older (than me).
One is younger.

I have one sister.

I’m number three.

Asking about family/ Hỏi về gia đình

How many brothers and sisters do you have?

What number are you?

He’s the oldest (of five children).

She’s the youngest.

Cindy doesn’t have any brothers or sisters.

Jared is an only child.

How many children do you have?

We have two. One son and one daughter.

Do you have any kids?

No, I’m not married.

TALKING ABOUT YOUR FAVORITE THINGS/ NÓI VỀ ĐỒ VẬT THÍCH NHẤT

1. What is your favorite color?

2. What’s your favorite kind of music?

3. Favorite sport?

4. Do you have a lucky number?

5. What kind of food do you like best?

6. How about movies?

7. Who is your favorite movie star?

8. What city do you like most?

Purple.

I like pop music.

Kung fu.

Yes. It’s eight.

I like Cantonese food.

Action.

Jackie Chan.

Hong Kong, of course!

TALKING ABOUT HERE AND NOW/ NÓI CHUYỆN ĐÓ ĐÂY

1. What is Ms. Chan    doing?

2. What is he doing?

3. What are you doing?

4. Who is singing that    song?

5. Who is washing the    dishes?

6. Where are you going    now?

She is writing a letter.


He’s playing hockey.

I’m reading a book.

Frank (is).


The children are.


I’m going to the library.

Oh. That’s nice.
That’s interesting.Is it interesting?

Oh. It sounds good.
That’s great.
Okay. Have fun.

TALKING ABOUT FEELINGS/ HEALTH ISSUE/ NÓI VỀ CẢM GIÁC/ VẤN ĐỀ SỨC KHỎE

How’s the weather today?

How do you feel?

How are you feeling?

Is everything okay?

What’s wrong?

What’s the matter?

Are you all right?

What happened?

It’s really cold.

I’m fine.

Not too good.

I feel sick.

I have a headache.

My leg hurts.

I cut my hand.

He broke his arm.

Let’s stay inside.

That’s good.

Sorry to hear that.

That’s too bad.

Here’s some aspirin

Let me help you.

That looks serious.

Call 911

ASKING ABOUT PAST ACTIONS/ HỎI VẾ HÀNH ĐỘNG QUÁ KHỨ

1. What did you do last Friday?

2. Where did you go?

3. When did you get back?

4. Where did you stay?

5. What did Sally have for lunch?

6. What did he eat last night?

7. How was the weather?

I went to a baseball game.

I went to Detroit.

I got back on Saturday night.

I stayed with my parents.

She had soup and sandwiches.

He ate Chinese food.

It was wonderful.

TALKING ABOUT FUTURE/ NÓI VỀ TƯƠNG LAI

1. What will you do tomorrow?
2. When will you finish?3. What will we do in class today?

4. Where will they put the table?

5. When will Joe leave for New York?

6. How will he get there?

I’ll help my mom with the housework.

In the afternoon.

We’ll play some word games.

They’ll put it next to the window.

He’ll leave right after dinner.


He’ll take the bus.

Note: Another way of talking about the future is with the phrase “be going to” + verb.

For example,

I am going to eat out tonight.
Mr. Wolfe is going to stay home.

What are you going to do tomorrow?
I’m going to visit my grandmother.

How are you going to get there?
I’m going to walk through the forest.
Please be careful!

 

ASKING ABOUT LIFE EVENTS/ NÓI VỀ SỰ KIỆN TRONG CUỘC SỐNG

1. When is your birthday?

2. What year?

3. Were you born and raised here?

4. Did Sam grow up here?

5. Where did Lisa go to school?

6. Which university did Rick go to?

7. When will she graduate?

8. When did they get married?

9. When was your son born?

10. What day is your wedding anniversary?

11. When did they move to Pittsburgh?

12. When did his grandfather pass away/(die)?

December 29(th)

That’s personal.

No. I wasn’t.

Yes, he did.

In California.

Princeton.

Next April.

They got married in June.

Two months ago.

It’s July 17th

Last September.

Five years ago.

ASKING ABOUT OCCUPATIONS/ HỎI VỀ NGHỀ NGHIỆP

A: What do you do for a living?
A: What is your occupation?

B: I’m a____(mechanic)___________.

A: A____(mechanic)_____________? That must be a lot of work.

B: It is. Every day I ___(fix)_____ ___(cars)______.

A: How interesting. How many___(cars)_____ do you __(fix)____?

B: I ___(fix)_____ about __(8)____ __(cars)____ every day.

Match the occupation with the daily activity.

Occupation

1.           Mechanic

2.           Teacher

3.           Dentist

4.           Doctor/Nurse

5.           Journalist

6.           Fisherman

7.           Gardener

8.           Chef/Cook

9.           Fire fighter

10.        Photographer

Activity

k.    catch fish

l.     take pictures

m.  fix cars

n.   cook meals

o.    pull teeth

p.    plant flowers

q.   put out fires

r.     take care of patients

s.    teach classes

t.     write news stories

TALKING ABOUT ABILITY/ NÓI VỀ KHẢ NĂNG

1. Can you play the piano?

2. How about the guitar?

3. Can Billy ride a bike?

4. Does Abby speak Mandarin?

5. Do you sing?
6. Is Connie good at dancing?

7. Do you know how to use a computer?

Yes, but not very well.

(I can play) a little.

No, he can’t. He’s too young.

Yes, she speaks very well.

Not really. I have no talent in that area.

Yes, she’s a great dancer.

Of course!

 

TALKING ABOUT LOCATION/ NÓI VỀ KHU VỰC

1. Where are the magazines?
2. Where is the remote control?3. Where did you put the keys?
4. Where’s the spider?

5. Where’s Fluffy?
6. Where’s Troy’s toy truck?

7. Where did you find the book?

They’re in the living room, on the coffee table.

It’s probably on the sofa, between the pillows.

I think they’re in the bedroom, in the top drawer.

It’s in the bathroom, next to the bathtub.

He’s probably hiding under the rocking chair.

It’s outside by the big brick bridge.

It was on top of the refrigerator

 

DESCRIBING PEOPLE/ MÔ TẢ NGƯỜI

Personality and Appearance

1.Tell me about your father.
What kind of person is he?

2. What does he look like?

3. What does your mother look like?

4. How about your little sister?

Clothing

5. What is your brother wearing?

6. What kind of shoes does he have    (on)?

7. Is Susan wearing a dress?

8. Anything else?

Description

Well, he’s very friendly, smart and funny.

He’s young, short and handsome.
He has straight black hair and green eyes.

She’s tall, thin and beautiful.
She has blonde hair and wears glasses.

She has curly red hair and a cute smile.
Everybody likes her.

He’s wearing light brown pants and an orange t-shirt.

Sneakers, and he’s wearing white socks.

No. She’s wearing a blue skirt and a yellow blouse.

Yes. She’s wearing boots and carrying a purse.

AT A STORE/ TẠI CỬA HÀNG

When you enter the store/start a conversation with the clerk:

What a clerk might say:

May I help you?

Can I help you?

Can I help you find something?

What can I do for you?

What a customer might say:

Excuse me. Do you work here?

Can I ask you something?

What a customer might respond:

Yes. I’m looking for ________________.

Do you have any ___________ (s)?

Can you tell me where the ___________is/are?

When you check out/leave the store:

Clerk:

Did you find everything you needed?

Did you find what you were looking for?

Did you find everything okay?

Will that be all (for today)?

Is that everything?

(Will there be) anything else?

Customer:

That’s all for today.

That’s it. Thanks.

 

SIMPLE SHOPPING/ SHOPPING ĐƠN GIẢN

1. Where are the pencils?

2. How much is this mirror?

3. How much does this cost?

4. How much are these?

5. Do you have any t-shirts?

6. That comes to $26.59.

7. That will be $17.48.

They’re on the second shelf.

It’s $19.95.

That one is $5.00.

They’re $4.00 each.

What size? Medium or Large?

Here’s $30.00.

Here’s $17.50. Keep the change.

Okay, thanks.

Okay. I’ll take it.

How about this one?

That’s too expensive.

Large.

Your change is $3.41

Thanks

BUYING AND SELLING/ MUA BÁN

1. May I help you?
2. What can I do for you?
3. Is there something I can help you with?
Yes, I’d like to buy these razors.

I’m looking for the cameras.

No, I’m just browsing. Thanks anyway.

How much is this?

Okay, that’ll be $6.85 with tax.

They’re in Aisle Two.

Ok.
It’s $4.95.

 

 

QUESTION AND EPRESSING WITH TIME/ HỎI VÀ DIỄN ĐẠT THỜI GIAN

Specific Time

Question

When do you?

(present tense)

When did you?

(past tense)

When will you?.
When are you going to
When do you plan to

What time do you?

(past)

(future)

Extended Time

How long do you?

did you

will you

How long does it take you to?

Ongoing Action

How long have you?.

Frequency

How often do you?

Answer

I usually/always?

I (past tense)

I will?
I am going to
I plan to

(same as above)

I (usually)

I (past)

I (future)

It takes (me)

I have ?

I (present tense)

Words/phrases

in the evening
at 9:00
on Mondays
before dinner
after I eat lunch
when I get home

last night
before class
while I was eating

tomorrow
next Tuesday
in a few days

at 7:30
around 4:00

from 9:00 to 11:00

for three hours

ten minutes

six days

for five days
for two hours
since yesterday

often, usually
always, never
once in a while

 

CLOSING A CONVERSATION/ KẾT THÚC CUỘC TRÒ CHUYỆN

Before closing

It’s been nice talking to you.
Nice talking to you too.

(I’m sorry, but) I have to go now.
Closing

Good-bye

Bye.

See you later.

See ya (informal)

Catch you later (informal)

 

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